There may be delays in obtaining visas for those persons working or studying in sensitive technologies. It applies to both Students and Exchange Visitors.
Foreign scientists who apply for a non-immigrant visa to work or study sensitive technologies listed on the
Technology Alert List have been subjected to inter-agency security review procedures since 1998.
The Technology Alert List outlines technological fields that are considered sensitive and critical to national
security, and provides procedures consuls must follow with regard to applicants involved in sensitive fields.
These review procedures require the names of these applicants to be checked through law enforcement,
intelligence and other federal agencies before a visa can be issued to an otherwise qualified applicant.
Since September 11, 2001, consulates have been working diligently with other U.S. government agencies in an extensive and ongoing review of visa issuing practices as they relate to the security of U.S. borders and U.S. as a nation. As a result, more non-immigrant visa applicants are now subjected to additional interagency security reviews.
Consulates are working with the involved agencies to achieve quicker processing of the applicants subject to
these procedures, without compromising national security. Visas continue to be reviewed on a case by case basis.
Visitor Visa Interview
This document will give you a detailed idea of what to expect at the visa interview and how to prepare for it. This document is composed assuming that the applicants are parents or parents-in-law of persons already in the U.S.
The visa interview has personal and consequently unpredictable factors involved in whether your visa application gets accepted or rejected.
Many people don't know the basic rules. Many people are not aware of the penalties for breaking the rules. If you get a business visa, it does not mean you can go to the USA and
start your business over there. If you get a 10 year multiple entry visa, it does not mean that you can stay in the USA for 10 years. A 10 year multiple entry visa means you can go to the U.S. anytime within next 10 years. For each visit, your actual stay will be determined by the date stamped in the I-94 form at the port of entry. It is usually 6 months. You can extend your stay up to another 6 months.
1. Wear formal clothes as if for a formal business meeting. The interviewing officer will always be an American (the interpreter if required may be local). If possible the man should wear a tie. Americans always appreciate formal attire, so they will not find
you over-dressed if you wear a tie.
2. Arrive early. You don't want to miss your interview just because you got stuck in traffic.
3. Do not get nervous. Be confident. You will be more confident if you have prepared thoroughly. Smile when you meet the visa officer for the first time. Don't show signs of nervousness such as flickering of eyes, trembling of fingers as that could go
against you. Look into the eyes of the officer while speaking.
4. Both candidates should greet the officer with a smile and a "good morning", as soon as you enter the interview booth.
5. Both candidates should have a confident posture and look at the interviewing officer straight in the eyes throughout the interview.
6. Be confident in your answers, whatever you say. Make short, clear, to-the-point replies, in a loud and clear voice. Do not tell anything that is irrelevant or not asked. By mistake, you may give some unnecessary information that may lead to your
7. Be polite, do not argue and do not ask unnecessary or unrelated questions. Do not unnecessarily elaborate your responses as this may not work in your favor.
8. Demonstrate respect in your language even if you don't feel this is being reciprocated.
9. Often times you might not understand what the interviewing officer is saying because of his/her American accent and/or the microphone system. If you do not understand one of their sentences do not feel afraid to say, 'beg your pardon; I did not understand you.' If he/she repeats the question and you still do not understand, that is not a problem, do not panic. Calmly and confidently say, sorry sir/madam,I still did not understand you. Could you kindly repeat what you said?
10. If you know English, it is preferable to have the interview in the English so that you and consular officer can understand the each other. Interpreters mess up sometimes.
11. Consular officers are very smart in their profession. They can figure out true intentions of applicants most of the times because of their training and experience. Some of them also may know regional languages of Nigeria.
12. Consular officers are fond of asking 'What if...' type questions
Some examples are
What would you do if you won jackpot in a Las Vegas casino?
What if someone offers you a job in the U.S. at a very high salary? What if someone offers you a partnership in his business?
What if some beautiful woman proposes to you for marriage?
Consular officers may ask
such questions to scrutinize the applicants. Don't give an answer immediately without thinking through it. If the officer suspects that your intention may be to stay in the U.S. and/or work there, your visa may be rejected.
If you give answers such as I will buy a house in the U.S. and stay there after winning the jackpot, I will accept the job offer or partnership and start working or get married to the beautiful U.S. citizen girl and settle there, your visa will be rejected. When you are applying for a tourist visa, you are just supposed to tour the
country and not just stay in the U.S. forever because of one or another reason.
13. Be honest during the interview and while preparing the documents. The consular officer is not your enemy and he is just doing his duty.
14. For every question asked, when you are saying your answer, you should be prepared to simultaneously put forth a document supporting your answer, and refer to the document in your answer.
E.g. If the interviewer asks you what are your ties in Nigeria, for which you will return to Nigeria after your visit, and if one of the components for your answer is that our only grandchild is in Nigeria, you should simultaneously present photographs of your grandchild and your family to the interviewer to strengthen your answer.
15. The purpose of the tour should be vacationing, visiting friends/family or any other all owed activities.
16. Always reply with correct answers. All data while applying for the visa and details of the answers given in your interview are computerized and maintained. If your visa is rejected once, you can't be changing your details the next time you go for an interview.
17. Your appearance should convey who you are. If you are a student, you should look like a student. If you are an executive, you should look like an executive. Your body language should convey friendliness, but also that you are serious about your goal.
18. Mind your manners and refrain from unnecessary body movement.
Consular Officer Didn't Look at Documents
Many people complain that the visa officer did not even ask any questions nor looked at any documents and rejected their application which is not fair at all. It is not like that in reality. Visa officers are experts in their profession and they are appointed
in consulates in foreign countries after extensive training. Due to their vast experience, visa officers, many times, can figure out true intentions of applicants just by looking at them. They can even figure out whether information provided in the application and/or documents may be true or fake.They don't need to talk to applicants in many cases. You may be surprised to know what things they may know, such as the value of property in a given area, income/income tax ratios, and many other things.
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